Smoke and Smoking

Even though you may not smoke, but you are within the spaces of cigarette smoke, you must be aware of its impact on you. Though smoking may have been banned in some public spaces, it must be considered that measures to reduce exposure to second-hand smoke is always a good thing. The fact that for many people, and for children in particular, exposure to second hand smoke has a significant impact on them.

Research has shown that smoke from one cigarette can linger in a room for up to two and a half hours, even if a window is opened. Furthermore, it can be shown that smoke can linger on carpets, walls and furnishings as well as being absorbed by them. Over time these absorbed toxins are gradually released back into the air. This is an additional risk!!!

There may be three effects of second hand smoke which can lead to cardiovascular disease.

Sticky Blood – It can make your blood “stickier”. The factors responsible for clotting become stickier, making your blood more likely to clot. This can cause a clot to form that may block an artery, causing a heart attack or stroke.

Smoking makes your blood thick and sticky. The stickier the blood, the harder your heart must work to move it around your body. Sticky blood is also more likely to form blood clots that block blood flow to your heart, brain, and legs. … This damage can increase your risk for a heart attack or stroke… smokefree.gov

Endothelial Dysfunction – In other words – it makes the arteries unable to dilate or relax. This affects your blood pressure, and can lead to heart failure. There is a reduction in nitric oxide in the body, and nitric oxide makes the walls of blood vessels relax and widen in order to allow a good blood flow supply. However if there is a reduction of the nitric oxide, then it also means a reduction in flexibility of our blood vessels. Other areas such as kidney function can/will be impacted. There has been some indication that if the individual quits smoking and with the use of Vitamin C and a taurine supplementation – then the blood vessels can practically return to normalcy.

Swollen Arteries – The arteries can become inflamed. This effectively narrow your arteries, also increasing your risk of having a heart attack.

It may be deduced that if the effect of second hand smoke is so significant then the impact of smoking directly should be considered seriously. A look around the globe recently shows statistics of about 5 million persons who die every year from the various diseases caused by smoking. When calculated, that equates to a death every seven seconds.

Tobacco Directly

Studies have shown that tobacco users and in particular chewers, have increased levels of LDL (bad cholesterol) and total cholesterol. To exacerbate the issue, their HDL (good cholesterol) cholesterol levels are commonly lower as well. This can then make their overall cardiovascular system a breeding ground for disaster. The few HDL cholesterol molecules present are too little to help eliminate the LDL accumulating in the body. The tobacco user’s arteries are now in a prime state for blockages and hence cardiovascular disease is not too far ahead.

As we know the blood takes oxygen to various organs and tissues around the body. However, carbon monoxide which you get (from smoke) attaches itself to the oxygen carrying pigment called haemoglobin much easier than oxygen itself. In other words, they compete against each other and oxygen loses. When that happens more carbon monoxide is circulating in the blood than oxygen, and the organs and tissues have to work much harder. Sometimes they suffer from lack of adequate oxygen and are therefore compromised in their functionality.

This heart complication does not only apply to chewers as the more cigarettes (of any kind) you smoke, the more depleted your HDLs will be. Smoking in general can disrupt the development of HDL cholesterol and it may even inhibit its metabolism. This also goes for those persons inhaling second-hand smoke. Furthermore, smoking is one of the reported causes of increased LDL oxidation. These oxidized LDL molecules then promote plaque formation and inflammatory responses.

Overall, tobacco whether chewed or smoked, disrupts cholesterol metabolism and promotes premature cardiovascular risk. Your result in using this, may lead you to a cholesterol imbalance, backed up arteries and a bad heart.

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